School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 2

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Clarifications: Each clarification provides an explanation of an indicator/objective to help teachers better understand the skills and/or concepts.

Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text

Indicator 2. Use text features to facilitate understanding of literary texts


To show proficiency of the skills included with this indicator, a reader will demonstrate knowledge of the text features of a literary text which are the elements by which a literary text is organized. Identification of each feature and its relationship to all other features assists a reader in comprehension of an entire text. As complexity of a text increases, a reader advances from identification to explanation of the features. Considering how all these features work together helps a reader to understand and evaluate a text.

To identify and explain how the title contributes to meaning of a literary text, a reader must first locate the title of the literary text and consider any information that a title might give about the content of a text. That information can help a reader predict the focus of the selection. After reading a whole text, a reader can return to the title to determine its role in the meaning of the text. For example, a title might relay or enhance information about any narrative element: character, setting, story events or theme.

To identify and explain how graphic aids contribute to meaning, a reader must locate these text features within a text. Pictures and illustrations of characters and places aid a reader in visualizing essential story elements that may not be a part of the early reader's existing schema. These pictures confirm or provide background that will lead to comprehension as he/she reads. In many cases the story is carried through both the pictures and words on the page. In other selections, the pictures or illustrations add information or enhance the text. Readers can construct meaning in illustrated stories by attending to both the print and pictures.

To identify and explain how print features contribute to meaning, a reader needs to focus on the location of these features within a literary text. Punctuation can be a clue to tone, mood, or author's style. Print features such as font type or font color serve as signals that changes are occurring, conversation is beginning, or simply that this text is important. Understanding and using these print features efficiently plays a crucial role in building fluency and comprehension for early readers.