School Improvement in Maryland
Clarifications: Each clarification provides an explanation of an indicator/objective to help teachers better understand the skills and/or concepts.

Standard 5.0 History

Topic C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions

Indicator 1. Examine the consequences of interactions among groups and cultures in Maryland

Objective b. Explain the interactions between colonists and the British during the Pre-Revolutionary period


During the Pre-Revolutionary period, the Maryland colonists still considered themselves loyal British subjects despite their opposition to changing economic policies. Profitable trade with Great Britain bound the Maryland colonists to the Mother Country. For this reason, Marylanders were slow to join the non-importation movement, obeyed its restrictions rather half-heartedly according to their own self-interest, and were quick to abandon the movement when Parliament repealed the Townshend duties. Despite the non-importation agreement, shipments from England to Maryland were higher than ever during the crisis over the Townshend Acts. Profits from trade with Great Britain were powerful inducements to maintaining relations with the Mother Country.

To a large extent, Marylanders' protests during the Pre-Revolutionary period were a continuation of their struggle to weaken the power of the proprietor rather than entirely new efforts to oppose Parliament's economic policies, which affected them much less than New Englanders. Since the restoration of the Calvert family proprietorship in the early 1700s, Marylanders had been trying to wrest control of the colony from the Lords Baltimore. Maryland colonists were objecting to official fees as taxes that only the Assembly had the right to impose and asserting their rights as Englishmen and freemen half a century before the Revolution. When, in 1774, delegates to the Maryland Convention seized control of the colony's government from the proprietor and governor, the revolutionary fervor of many Marylanders dissipated until forced by the actions of the Continental Congress to choose independence or become alienated from the rest of the colonies.

(For a discussion of Marylanders' reactions to specific Acts passed by Parliament, see Objective 4.C.1.a.)

Resources for Objective 5.C.1.b: