School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Mathematics, Grade 2




State Curriculum Toolkit

Tools aligned to State Curriculum indicators and/or objectives.

  • Clarification of Indicator and/or Objective
    Explanation and/or examples of indicator and/or objective
  • Lesson Seeds
    Ideas/seeds for an objective-aligned activity

Standard 1.0 Knowledge of Algebra, Patterns, and Functions

Students will algebraically represent, model, analyze, or solve mathematical or real-world problems involving patterns or functional relationships.


A. Patterns and Functions


  • 1. Identify, describe, extend, and create numeric patterns
  1. Represent and analyze numeric patterns using skip counting by 2, 5, and 10 starting with any whole number and using whole numbers to 100
  2. Represent and analyze numeric patterns using skip counting backward by 10s starting with any 2-digit whole number
  3. Recognize a function table as a relationship between numbers
  4. Complete a function table with a given one-operation rule (+, -) using whole numbers


  • 2. Identify, copy, describe, create, and extend nonnumeric patterns
  1. Represent and analyze growing patterns that start at the beginning and show no more than 3 levels, and ask for the next level, using symbols, shapes, designs, and pictures
  2. Represent and analyze repeating patterns using 3 different objects in the core of the pattern
  3. Transfer a repeating pattern from one medium to 2 different media using no more than 3 different objects in the core of the pattern such as: red, green, red, green, ... A, B, A, B, ... , , , , ...


B. Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities


  • 1. Write and identify expressions
  1. Represent numeric quantities using operational symbols (+, -) and whole numbers to 25


  • 2. Identify, write, and solve equations and inequalities
  1. Represent relationships using appropriate relational symbols (>, <, =) and operational symbols (+, -) with whole numbers to 100
  2. Find the missing number (unknown) in a number sentence using operational symbols (+, -) with whole numbers up to 50


C. Numeric and Graphic Representations of Relationships


  • 1. Locate points on a number line
  1. Represent whole numbers up to 100 on a number line

Note: Highlighted assessment limits will be tested in the no calculator section of MSA. In the assessment limit, (0-10) or (-10 to 10) means all numbers in the problem or the answer will fall within the range of 0 to 10 (including endpoints) or -10 to 10 (including endpoints), respectively. All content standards are tested in MSA but not all objectives. Objectives that have an assessment limit are tested on MSA. Objectives without an assessment limit are not tested on MSA.

June 2004