School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Mathematics, Grade 5




State Curriculum Toolkit

Tools aligned to State Curriculum indicators and/or objectives.

  • Clarification of Indicator and/or Objective
    Explanation and/or examples of indicator and/or objective
  • Higher Order
    Thinking Skills

    Examples of questions at various levels of cognitive demand
  • Sample Assessments
    Items and annotated student responses as appropriate
  • Public Release Items
    Actual MSA items and annotated student responses as appropriate

Standard 5.0 Knowledge of Probability

Students will use experimental methods or theoretical reasoning to determine probabilities to make predictions or solve problems about events whose outcomes involve random variation.


A. Sample Space


  • 1. Identify possible outcomes
  1. Determine possible outcomes of independent events
    Assessment limit: Use two independent events with no more than 4 outcomes each and an organized list or tree diagram


B. Theoretical Probability


  • 1. Determine the probability of one simple event comprised of equally likely outcomes
  1. Make predictions and express the probability as a fraction
    Assessment limit: Use a sample space of no more than 20 outcomes

Note: Highlighted assessment limits will be tested in the no calculator section of MSA. In the assessment limit, (0-10) or (-10 to 10) means all numbers in the problem or the answer will fall within the range of 0 to 10 (including endpoints) or -10 to 10 (including endpoints), respectively. All content standards are tested in MSA but not all objectives. Objectives that have an assessment limit are tested on MSA. Objectives without an assessment limit are not tested on MSA.

June 2004