School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Mathematics, Grade PK




State Curriculum Toolkit

Tools aligned to State Curriculum indicators and/or objectives.

  • Clarification of Indicator and/or Objective
    Explanation and/or examples of indicator and/or objective
  • Prerequisite Skills
    Concepts students should understand before further instruction
  • Lesson Seeds
    Ideas/seeds for an objective-aligned activity
  • Higher Order
    Thinking Skills

    Examples of questions at various levels of cognitive demand
  • Sample Assessments
    Items and annotated student responses as appropriate

Standard 6.0 Knowledge of Number Relationships and Computation/Arithmetic

Students will describe, represent, or apply numbers or their relationships or will estimate or compute using mental strategies, paper/pencil or technology.


A. Knowledge of Number


  1. Build concept of number
  2. Show an understanding of quantity
  3. Construct relationships based on quantity
  4. Use classroom experiences to indicate same, more, or less
  5. Count and discuss quantity
  6. Use concrete materials to build sets 0 to 5
  7. Match a numeral to a set 0 to 5
  8. Count to 10
  9. Use ordinal words to indicate position such as: first, next, last

Note: Highlighted assessment limits will be tested in the no calculator section of MSA. In the assessment limit, (0-10) or (-10 to 10) means all numbers in the problem or the answer will fall within the range of 0 to 10 (including endpoints) or -10 to 10 (including endpoints), respectively. All content standards are tested in MSA but not all objectives. Objectives that have an assessment limit are tested on MSA. Objectives without an assessment limit are not tested on MSA.

June 2004