State Curriculum - Reading

Grade 2
Standard 2.0 Comprehension of Informational Text: Students will read, comprehend, interpret, analyze, and evaluate informational text.
1. Develop comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned informational texts
a. Read and recognize nonfiction materials to gain information and content knowledge
  • Textbooks
  • Trade books
  • Grade-appropriate reference materials
  • Newspapers
  • Articles
  • Magazines
  • Questionnaires/interviews
  • Multimedia resources
b. Read and identify functional documents
  • Sets of directions
  • Science investigations
  • Posters
  • Flyers
  • Forms
  • Invitations
  • Menus
  • Maps
  • Recipes
  • Rules
  • Classroom schedules
  • Surveys
c. Select and read personal interest materials, such as brochures, books, magazines, and web sites
2. Identify and use text features to facilitate understanding of informational texts
a. Use print features
  • Large bold print
  • Font size/type
  • Italics
  • Colored print
  • Headings/subheadings and chapter titles
  • Labels
  • Captions
  • Numbered steps
b. Use graphic aids
  • Illustrations
  • Pictures
  • Photographs
  • Drawings
  • Maps
  • Graphs
  • Charts/tables
  • Diagrams
  • Materials list
c. Use informational aids
  • Materials lists
  • Timelines
  • Captions
  • Glossed words
  • Labels
  • Numbered steps
d. Use organizational aids when reading
  • Title
  • Table of contents
  • Numbered steps
  • Glossary
  • Headings
  • Transition words
3. Develop knowledge of organizational structure of informational text to understand what is read
a. Distinguish between fiction and nonfiction text
b. Recognize words that signal the structure of informational text
c. Recognize sequential and chronological order
d. Recognize cause/effect relationships
e. Recognize similarities and differences
f. Recognize description
g. Recognize and use main idea and supporting details
4. Determine important ideas and messages in informational texts
a. Identify the author's/text's purpose
b. Identify main ideas/messages
c. Identify information not related to the main idea
d. Draw conclusions and generalizations from text to form new understanding
e. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion
f. Identify how someone might use the text
g. Summarize the text or a portion of the text
h. Identify prior knowledge that clarifies the main idea of the text
5. Identify and explain the author's use of language
a. Identify words and phrases with a specific effect on meaning (similes, metaphors)
b. Recognize specific words and punctuation that create tone
c. Recognize repetition of words
6. Read critically to evaluate informational text
a. State whether the text fulfills the reading purpose
b. Explain what the author could have done to make the text easier to understand
c. Explain whether the author's ideas are clear
d. Identify words that affect the reader's feelings

Indicators/objectives that include assessment limits are assessed on MSA *New Standards identifies the need for students to process 1 million words per year to maintain academic progress.


MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: