State Curriculum - Reading

Grade 2
Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text: Students will read, comprehend, interpret, analyze, and evaluate literary texts.
1. Develop comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned literary texts
a. Listen to, read, and discuss a variety of literary texts representing diverse cultures, perspectives, ethnicities, and time periods
b. Listen to, read, and discuss a variety of different types of fiction and nonfiction texts
c. Identify characteristics of, different types of fictional literary texts, such as plays, poems, stories (folktales, fairy tales, fantasy, fables, realistic fiction, and historical fiction)
2. Use text features to facilitate understanding of literary texts
a. Identify and explain how the title contributes to meaning
b. Identify and explain how text features, such as illustrations, punctuation, and print features, contribute to meaning
3. Use elements of narrative texts to facilitate understanding
a. Identify and explain the elements of a story, including the problem, the sequence of events, and the solution to the problem
b. Identify the setting and explain its importance to the story
c. Identify the main character(s) and explain their importance in the story
d. Identify characters' actions, motives, emotions, traits, and feelings
e. Identify and explain relationships between and among characters, setting, and events
4. Use elements of poetry to facilitate understanding
a. Identify the structure, shape, and form of a variety of poetic texts, including their lines and stanzas
b. Analyze the meaning of words, lines and stanzas
c. Identify and use sound elements of poetry, such as rhyme, no rhyme, and rhythm
5. Use elements of drama to facilitate understanding
a. Identify the structure of a play, including characters, costumes, dialogue, and scenery
6. Determine important ideas and messages in literary texts
a. Recognize the main idea or message of the text
b. Recognize a similar message in more than one text
c. Retell the text or part of the text
d. Summarize the text
e. Identify personal connections to the text
7. Identify and describe the author's use of language
a. Explain how the use of dialogue contributes to a story
b. Identify specific words and phrases that contribute to the meaning of a text
c. Identify specific words and punctuation that create tone
d. Identify language that appeals to the senses and feelings
e. Identify repetition and exaggeration

Indicators/objectives that include assessment limits are assessed on MSA *New Standards identifies the need for students to process 1 million words per year to maintain academic progress.


MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: