State Curriculum - Reading

 
Grade 6
Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text: Students will read, comprehend, interpret, analyze, and evaluate literary text.
1. Develop and apply comprehension skills by reading and analyzing a variety of self-selected and assigned literary texts including print and non-print
a. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary texts representing diverse cultures, perspectives, ethnicities, and time periods
b. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary forms and genres
2. Analyze text features to facilitate understanding of literary texts
a. Identify and explain how organizational aids such as the title of the book, story, poem, or play, titles of chapters, subtitles, subheadings contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
b. Identify and explain how graphic aids such as pictures and illustrations, punctuation, print features contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
c. Identify and explain how informational aids such as introductions and overviews, materials lists, timelines, captions, glossed words, labels, numbered steps, bulleted lists, footnoted words, pronunciation keys, transition words, end notes, works cited, other information aids encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
d. Identify and explain how print features such as large bold print, font size/type, italics, colored print, quotation marks, underlining, other print features encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
3. Analyze elements of narrative texts to facilitate understanding and interpretation
a. Identify and distinguish among types of narrative texts such as short stories, folklore, realistic fiction, science fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, essays, biographies, autobiographies, personal narratives, plays, poetry
    Assessment limit:
  • Grade-appropriate narrative texts
b. Analyze the events of the plot
    Assessment limit:
  • Exposition, rising action, climax, and resolution
c. Analyze details that provide information about the setting, the mood created by the setting, and ways in which the setting affects characters
    Assessment limit:
  • Details that create the setting and/or mood in the text or a portion of the text
  • Connections among the characters, the setting, and the mood in the text or a portion of the text
d. Analyze characterization
    Assessment limit:
  • Character's traits based on what character says, does, and thinks and what other characters or the narrator says
  • Character's motivations
  • Character's personal growth and development
e. Analyze relationships between and among characters, setting, and events
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text or across multiple texts
f. Identify and explain how the actions of the character(s) affect the plot
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text or across multiple texts
g. Analyze internal and/or external conflicts that motivate characters and those that advance the plot
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
h. Identify and explain the author's approach to issues of time in a narrative
i. Identify and explain the point of view
    Assessment limit:
  • Connections between point of view and meaning
  • Conclusions about the narrator based on his or her thoughts and/or observations
4. Analyze elements of poetry to facilitate understanding and interpretation
a. Use structural features to distinguish among types of poems such as haiku, form/shape poetry, cinquain, etc.
b. Identify and explain the meaning of words, lines, and stanzas
    Assessment limit:
  • Literal versus figurative meaning
c. Identify and explain how sound elements of poetry contribute to meaning
d. Identify and explain other poetic elements such as setting, mood, tone, etc., that contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • Elements of grade-appropriate lyric and narrative poems that contribute to meaning
5. Analyze elements of drama to facilitate understanding
a. Use structural features to distinguish among types of plays
b. Identify and explain the action of scenes and acts
    Assessment limit:
  • Literal versus interpretive meaning
c. Identify and explain how stage directions create character and movement
d. Identify and explain stage directions and dialogue that help to create character
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
6. Determine important ideas and messages in literary texts
a. Analyze main ideas and universal themes
    Assessment limit:
  • Of the text or a portion of the text
  • Experiences, emotions, issues, and ideas in a text that give rise to universal themes
  • Message, moral, or lesson learned from the text
b. Analyze similar themes across multiple texts
    Assessment limit:
  • Experiences, emotions, issues, and ideas across texts that give rise to universal themes
c. Paraphrase
    Assessment limit:
  • The text or a portion of the text
d. Summarize
    Assessment limit:
  • The text or a portion of the text
e. Identify and explain personal connections to the text
    Assessment limit:
  • Connections between personal experiences and the theme or main ideas
f. Explain the implications of the text for the reader and/or society
    Assessment limit:
  • Ideas and issues of a text that may have implications for the reader
7. Analyze the author's purposeful use of language
a. Analyze specific words and phrases that contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • Significant words and phrases (e.g., idioms, colloquialisms, etc.) with a specific effect on meaning
  • Denotations of above-grade-level words used in context
  • Connotations of grade-appropriate words and phrases in context
b. Analyze words and phrases that create tone
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
c. Identify and explain figurative language that contributes to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
d. Analyze how sensory language contributes to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • Specific words and phrases in the text or a portion of the text
e. Analyze how repetition and exaggeration contribute to meaning
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
8. Read critically to evaluate literary texts
a. Determine and explain the plausibility of the characters' actions and the plot
    Assessment limit:
  • In the text or a portion of the text
b. Identify and explain questions left unanswered by the text
    Assessment limit:
  • Questions and predictions about events, situations, and conflicts that might occur if the text were extended
c. Identify and explain the relationship between a literary text and its historical and/or social context
    Assessment limit:
  • Implications of the historical or social context on a literary text
d. Identify and explain the relationship between the structure and the purpose of the text
 

Indicators/objectives that include assessment limits are assessed on MSA *New Standards identifies the need for students to process 1 million words per year to maintain academic progress.

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/reading/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

11/15/07