State Standard - Social Studies

Grade 5
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
A. Using Geographic Tools
1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe human and physical characteristics in Colonial America
a. Use map elements to interpret and construct a variety of maps
b. Use a globe and a variety of maps, atlases to identify natural/physical features of colonial settlements
c. Use photographs, maps, and drawings to describe geographic characteristics
d. Compare geographic locations and geographic characteristics of colonial settlements, such as, Jamestown, Plymouth, Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston, and New York City
B. Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
1. Examine the similarities and differences of regions in Colonial America
a. Compare the natural/physical and human characteristics of the three colonial regions
  • New England
  • Middle
  • Southern
b. Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region changed from early settlements through the colonial period
c. Explain how geographic characteristics affect how people live and work, and the population distribution of a place or region
C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
1. Describe and analyze population growth, migration and settlement patterns in Colonial America
a. Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Colonial America
b. Analyze the consequences of migration between the colonies and immigration to the colonies, such as Europeans and Africans immigrating to the east coast of the United States
c. Explain the importance of shipping and trading to the economic development of the colonies, such as Triangular Trade
D. Modifying and Adapting to the Environment
1. Explain why and how people adapt to and modify the natural environment and the impact of those modifications
a. Compare ways Native American societies used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter
b. Describe ways that colonists in the New England, Middle and Southern regions adapted to and modified the environment, such as the uses of the grist mill, water wheels and plantation farming
c. Explain how colonists adapted to and modified their environments and how these modifications sometimes created environmental problems


MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at:


Date: 1/27/2015