State Standard - Social Studies

Grade 4
Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland and the United States.
A. Individuals and Societies Change Over Time
1. Analyze the chronology and significance of key historical events leading to early settlement in Maryland
a. Explain how and why the Maryland colony was established, including political and economic motives for coming to the new world
b. Compare the development of places and regions, such as St. Mary's City, Western Maryland, Kent Island, and Annapolis
c. Describe the establishment of slavery and how it shaped life in Maryland
2. Compare Native American societies in Maryland before and after European colonization
a. Identify the development of indigenous societies from the Pale-Indians to the Woodland Indians
b. Describe Native American societies indigenous to Maryland after European contact
B. Emergence, Expansion and Changes in Nations and Empires
C. Conflict between Ideas and Institutions
1. Examine the consequences of interactions among groups and cultures in Maryland
a. Describe Maryland colonists' reactions to changing economic policies from England using events that led to the American Revolutionary War
b. Explain the interactions between colonists and the British during the Pre-Revolutionary period
2. Explain the political, cultural, economic and social changes in Maryland during the early 1800s
a. Describe Maryland's role in the War of 1812
b. Describe the importance of changes in industry, transportation, education, rights and freedoms in Maryland, such as roads and canals, slavery, B&O railroad, the National Road, immigration, public schools, and religious freedoms
3. Analyze regional differences in the Civil War and its effects on people in Maryland
a. Describe the economic interests in Maryland, such as agricultural v. industrial and slave v. non-slave
b. Explain why loyalties to the North and the South were divided in Maryland
4. Analyze how the institution of slavery impacted individuals and groups in Maryland
a. Compare the lives of slave families and free blacks
b. Describe the anti-slavery movement in Maryland
c. Describe the growth of the Underground Railroad


MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at:


Date: 1/27/2015