School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 2

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 2.0 Comprehension of Informational Text

Indicator 4. Determine important ideas and messages in informational texts

Objective f. Identify how someone might use the text


Show the student several texts related to a topic (picture encyclopedia, dictionary, trade book, text book, internet article, etc.) Locate and share information in each resource related to the specific topic. See example, the teacher could project and read aloud each of the resources below.

Resource Text Characteristics How Someone Might Use the Text
Lions by Jill Anderson Beautiful photos help tell facts about lions by describing what their life is like in a story like form.
Little Lions by Jim Arnosky Hand colored illustrations tell a simple story of a mother lion caring for her cubs.
On-line encyclopedia entry
Single photo of male lion; Tells what lions look like, their social habits, what they eat, and their natural habitat.
On-line dictionary entry Tells how to say word; gives meaning; idiom containing the word & history
On-line article
Single photo of male lion; Tells scientific classification, facts; and conservation plan

The teacher could then discuss the utility of each of these texts by posing these questions and filling in the third column of the chart. "Is this a text that will give me interesting information about the topic for my own interest and enjoyment?" or "Is this a text that I can use to gather important facts and details about the topic in order to write a report or prepare a presentation?" or "Is this a text that can help me form an opinion about a topic?" Through teacher led discussion students can learn how to determine if the text is appropriate for their own purpose and generalize about the usefulness of the text to other readers.


Following this introductory lesson the teacher will write possible audiences on sentence strips. He/She will distribute these audiences to small groups of students. Students will read an informational text (the same text or a variety of texts) and discuss with their group/partners to determine how each of their audiences might use the text. For example, if the text is about how to play soccer, the teacher may write the words coach, parent, and child on the sentence strips. Students may say that a coach could use the text to learn a new rule to teach the team. A parent may use the text to help them learn the rules because their child plays on a soccer team. Finally, a child may use the text to learn more about the game of soccer.