School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 2

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text

Indicator 1. Develop comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned literary texts

Objective b. Listen to, read, and discuss a variety of different types of fiction and nonfiction texts


Choose books for the classroom library, read aloud experiences, and instruction that represent both literary fiction and non-fiction at a range of levels that meet the needs of all of the readers in your class. Literary non-fiction is confusing to readers because it is written about real events but sounds like a story. You can contrast literary nonfiction and informational text by comparing an encyclopedia entry about a person (informational text) with a literary nonfiction work (real events written so it sounds like a story). The chart below gives some examples of the types of literary non-fiction that you may select for discussion in your classroom.

Literary Nonfiction
Biography — story of a person's life written by someone else Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express by E. Coerr
Duke Ellington by A. Pinkney
Happy Birthday Martin Luther King Jr. by J. Marzollo
Young Squanto by A. Woods
Young Helen Keller by A. Benjamin
The David Adler biography series
Autobiography — a person tells about his or her own life A Boy Named Boomer by B. Esiason
Kerri Strug: Heart of Gold by K. Strugg
Memoir — type of autobiography, usually about a significant experience in the author's life The Art Lesson by T. dePaola
Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day by J. Viorst
A Chair for my Mother by V. Williams
Miss Rumphius by B. Cooney
Journal — a personal record of experiences or reflections Pepper's journal: a kitten's first year by S. Murphy
Birdie's Lighthouse by D. Hopkinson


Create a chart that can be displayed near the classroom library. The chart should be displayed prominently but needs to be accessible to the teacher so new titles can be added daily, if needed. After a book is read aloud and discussed, the teacher should add the title, author, and genre to the chart. This chart will be a visual reminder to both the teacher and students in the class of the variety of texts that are being read aloud. Emphasis should be on the teacher providing a variety of types of literature, not on the students using characteristics to identify the different types of literature.

Books Our Class Has Read Aloud
Title Author Genre
A Picture Book of Frederick Douglas David Adler Biography
Rapunzel Bernice Chardiet Fairy Tale
The Art Lesson Tomie dePaola Memoir