School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 2

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text

Indicator 6. Determine important ideas and messages in literary texts

Objective d. Summarize the text

Seed

Explain to students that when readers summarize they take the important main ideas and details from the text and organize it into a much shorter version. It is different from retelling because the intent is not to relate all of the details from the original story but to give only the main points in a context that is unique to the reader. Ideas are combined, judgments are made about what to include and it is stated in the reader’s own words. However, summaries should reflect the important story elements and be organized in a way that gives the listener a sense of the story.

Seed

Use shared reading to read The Paper Bag Princess by Robert Munsch. After reading the text to the students share the retelling of the story below.

Story Retelling

Once there lived a beautiful princess named Elizabeth. Handsome Prince Ronald comes to the kingdom to marry Princess Elizabeth.

While the two are in the castle, something very unexpected and horrible happens. A dragon burns the castle, captures the prince and burns all of Princess Elizabeth’s clothes. The princess, determined to save the prince, puts on the only thing she can find, a paper bag, and follows the dragon’s trail of burnt forests and horses bones.

The going is tough, and Princess Elizabeth scrapes her knees and falls in the mud as she makes her way to the dragon’s cave. Once there, the princess knocks on the door but the dragon tells her to come back the next day. She knocks again and this time she tries to trick the dragon. She asks him if it’s true that he can burn many forests and he proves that he can by first burning 50 forests and then 100 more. She then asks if it’s true that he could fly around the world in 10 seconds and he did. She told him he was fantastic and asked him to do it again and he flies around the world in 20 seconds this time. The dragon ends up being so tired that he falls asleep. Princess Elizabeth whispers and then yells in the dragon’s ear in order to prove that he is sound asleep.

Then she opens the door of the cave so she can free the prince. Prince Ronald, upon seeing her dirty hair, paper bag dress and skinned knees, is disgusted. Without even thanking Elizabeth, he asks her to leave and not come back until she looks like a princess.

Princess Elizabeth lets him know that even though he looks like a prince, he acts like a bum, and she refuses to marry him.

Seed

After using the story retelling checklist (3.0 A 6.c) to analyze the retelling of the story, show the summary below.

Story Summary

Princess Elizabeth is getting ready to marry Prince Ronald when a dragon attacks the castle and kidnaps Ronald. Having nothing to wear, she puts on an old paper bag and sets out to rescue her prince.

Elizabeth finds the dragon, outsmarts him, and rescues Ronald. However, the prince is far from grateful. He is shocked to see Elizabeth wearing a dirty old paper bag tells her to go away and come back when she looks like a princess. Elizabeth tells him he’s a bum and leaves him.

Seed

Have the students compare the summary to the retelling.

Retelling Summary
Longer – 303 words

Uses names of characters

Tells setting of story

States the story problem

Retelling uses own words

Tells story events in order with some details

Tells the resolution to the problem

Tells how the story ends
Shorter – 87 words

Uses names of characters

Tells setting of story

States the story problem

Summary uses own words

Combines story events in sentences without the details but in the order they happened

Tells the resolution to the problem

Tells how the story ends

 

Seed

Have student pairs select a story that both students have previously read. After rereading the text, have students write a summary of the book to be added to a “Books we have Read” bulletin board. Meet with student pairs to revise their summaries prior to publication on the display. Use the criteria above to guide the conference. Publish revised student summaries on the bulletin board display.

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