School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 3

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 1.0 General Reading Processes

Topic E. General Reading Comprehension

Indicator 4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)

Objective g. Summarize


To help students understand the difference between a retelling and a summary, the teacher could prepare both a summary and a retelling of a familiar text. The teacher should read both the summary and retell aloud to students. Students should be asked to tell what is different between the two presentations. The teacher should record student responses and help students review their responses to determine the difference between a retell and a summary.


To begin the summarizing process, the teacher should present a portion of text to be summarized. Once the text has been read aloud, the teacher can share a hard copy of the text where all the important ideas/details have been highlighted and discuss with the class why they are highlighted. Next, another portion of text should be read by the teacher and students. This time, both teacher and students will participate in selecting the important ideas/details and highlighting them. Then, using the highlighted portions or text, the teacher should orally summarize that portion of text. As students become more proficient, they may independently complete the process.