School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 3

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 2.0 Comprehension of Informational Text

Indicator 4. Determine important ideas and messages in informational texts

Objective d. Summarize or paraphrase


Read an informational text. Provide students with several different summaries written about that same informational text. Have students read each summary and determine which one is the best summary of the text based upon the criteria for summarization found in clarifications. Have students verbalize the points that make it the best summary while verbalizing the problems with the other summaries.


Read an informational passage. Show students a series of sentence strips on which are written information from the passage. Using the criteria for summarization, have students select the strips that should be used for a summary. Next, have students organize the strips in summary order. After organization is complete, students should read the summary and make adjustments if necessary. As adjustments are made, students should justify/explain the changes.


Read an informational text. Have students record important facts from the article on word cards, in a bulleted list, or in a double entry journal. Have students put the word cards on one side of their desk. On blank cards adjacent to the original word cards students are to rewrite these facts in their own words; the same can be done with the bulleted list. Students will then write a summary of the text in their own words.


Read excerpts from an informational text. Using the criteria for paraphrasing found in clarifications students should review several different paraphrases of portions of the informational text. Have students select the accurate paraphrasing of the portion of text. Students should be able to verbalize why their choice is the best as well as identify the problems with the other choices.

Resources for Objective 2.A.4.d:
LESSON SEEDS | Sample Assessments |