School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 4

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 1.0 General Reading Processes

Topic E. General Reading Comprehension

Indicator 3. Use strategies to make meaning from text (during reading)

Objective d. Skim the text to search for connections between and among ideas


Following instruction that shows students how to make connections between ideas or literary elements, students should practice making connections. The teacher should select an age-appropriate text and read it to identify connections within the text. For example, in a literary text, identifications could include character-character, character-event, event-event, character-theme, theme-event; etc… The teacher should place students in small groups or with partners. Each small group or partners should be assigned a particular type of connection to identify within the assigned text. As students read they should note the connections and be able to justify in a class discussion why that connection is valid. This activity can be ongoing with a rotation of connection types.


To assist students in making connections as they read, the teacher can provide each student with a set of bookmarks that have a surface, which can be written upon and then erased. As a student reads and discovers a connection, he/she can mark the spot in the text and write on the bookmark the type of connection on that page and any other particular information or details about the connection. At the conclusion of the reading, the student can lay out the bookmarks from left to right and determine how these connections work to assist a student’s comprehension.