School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 4

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text

Indicator 7. Identify and describe the author's use of language

Objective d. Identify and explain figurative language

Seed

Before reading a literary text which contains figurative language, students and teacher should complete a KWL chart about figurative language. Next, the teacher will read aloud the literary text omitting all figurative language. The teacher and students will discuss the effect of that text. Following that the teacher will read that same text including all the figurative language. Students will discuss the changed effect of the text. Details from the text can be recorded on the following chart.

Example from Text Type of Figurative Language Meaning of Figurative Language Reason for Use
       

Seed

Prior to reading a literary text, the teacher will review the meaning of personification with students. As students read, they will record each element of personification in the text, the human characteristic applied, and its meaning to the text.

Inanimate Object Personified Human Characteristic Applied Meaning
     

After reading is complete, students will share their findings with the class. Further discussion can address the author's reason for the use of personification.

Seed

Prior to reading a literary text selected for its use of figurative language, the teacher will read aloud a series of short literary texts from a variety of authors, each of which will display a distinctive style. Some may feature lengthy sentences, elaborate word choice, or figurative language etc...Through discussion the teacher and students will identify the element which makes that author's style distinctive. Following this preliminary activity, the students will read the selected literary text, identifying its use of figurative language and determining the author's reason for its use.

Seed

Before reading a literary text, students will review the various types of figurative language. Students will then be instructed to read that literary text noting where multiple examples of figurative language have already been marked in the text. After reading is complete, the teacher and students will identify the type of figurative language, its meaning, and the effect the language has on the reader.

/toolkit/vsc/lessons/reading/grade4/3A7d.xml