School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 5

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 2.0 Comprehension of Informational Text

Indicator 4. Determine and analyze important ideas and messages in informational texts

Objective h. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion


Students should view an advertisement. Have ½ the class listen for facts about the item. Have ½ the class listen for opinions about the item. Share findings. Have students work with a partner. Give partners multiple written advertisements. One partner reads the advertisement for fact while the other partner reads the same advertisement for opinion.


Place students in small groups. Select an historical event. Read multiple accounts of the event—try to include an eyewitness account from a participant, an onlooker, and another written after some time has elapsed. Each student within the group should read a different account and determine elements within the account that are fact or opinion. Each student presents to the other members of the group. Track the articles to see where conflicts between the accounts exist. Determine if, over time, any opinions have evolved into facts. Each group should share with the entire class the most memorable fact or opinion that was found.


Play a fact and opinion game. Each student should have on his/her desk a single sheet of paper with Fact written on one side and Opinion written on the other. Read an informational passage aloud to the class. When a fact is heard students should raise the paper with the Fact side facing the teacher. When an opinion is heard students should raise the paper with the Opinion side facing the teacher. When the teacher detects a difference about what is fact and what is opinion, a discussion among students will clarify the information.


Divide students into small groups. Choose an informational passage from a content unit in a science or social studies text. Students will read an assigned text that the teacher has divided into sections. A section of text will be assigned to each group of students. Ask each group to 1). identify statements of fact 2). look for words or statements that signal opinions and 3). locate and identify supporting ideas and reasons. As they identify facts and opinions in their sections, have students construct a chart listing statements that are facts and those that are opinions.

Resources for Objective 2.A.4.h:
LESSON SEEDS | Sample Assessments |