School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 5

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text

Indicator 6. Determine important ideas and messages in literary texts

Objective c. Paraphrase


Students will read a portion of a literary text. Once reading is complete the teacher will orally paraphrase that portion of the text explaining to students that telling that portion of text in words that make sense to the speaker and his/her audience is a paraphrase. As students become more adept at understanding a paraphrase, they should be assigned to read a portion of a literary text and then paraphrase that portion to a partner.


After students have read several fables, the teacher should record the stated moral of each fable on the board. Place students with partners and have them paraphrase the morals. Once paraphrasing is complete, students should share only their paraphrase and have the rest of the class determine its matching, stated moral.


The teacher will provide students with a portion of a literary text and its paraphrase. Students and teacher will discuss the pair to determine those elements that create a paraphrase. Next, students should be placed in small groups and be given two folders, one of which contains portions of literary text and the second which contains paraphrases of those texts. Students should pair the original with its paraphrase. Conclusions should be shared with the entire class and any problems with paraphrasing should be addressed. Finally students in each group should be given different portions of literary text for which they will create a paraphrase to be shared with the class.


The teacher should gather small portions of a variety of challenging literary texts. Each student or pair of students should be given one of these portions of text. The student/s should read the text multiple times to discern the meaning and use classroom resources, if necessary to unlock the meaning of the text. Once the student/s is secure that he/she understands the text, they should prepare an oral paraphrase of the text. Each text, both original and paraphrase, should be shared with the class.

Resources for Objective 3.A.6.c:
LESSON SEEDS | Advanced/G-T |