School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 8

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 2.0 Comprehension of Informational Text

Indicator 3. Apply knowledge of organizational patterns of informational text to facilitate understanding and analysis

Objective d. Use organizational structure to locate specific information


The teachershould locate two informational texts about the same topic. For example, locate two texts about the Civil War Battle of Shiloh which are organized differently—one sequentially and the other by cause/effect. Have students read each text and complete an appropriate graphic organizer for each text. In class discussion compare and contrast the types of information each text yields. Extend the discussion by referring to each text's organizational pattern and how the information can vary in each text.


The teacher should provide each student with an informational text. Teacher and students should read the text and then map the information within the text. Mapping can be accomplished with a graphic organizer, color-coding, bulleted list, or post-its. Once mapping is complete, teacher and students should discuss the type of information the text yields and consider the degree of importance. Extend the discussion by referring to the text's organizational pattern and how the pattern establishes the importance of information.