School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 8

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

Lesson Seeds: The lesson seeds are ideas for the indicator/objective that can be used to build a lesson. Lesson seeds are not meant to be all-inclusive, nor are they substitutes for instruction.

Standard 3.0 Comprehension of Literary Text

Indicator 3. Analyze and evaluate elements of narrative texts to facilitate understanding and interpretation

Objective g. Analyze internal and/or external conflicts that motivate characters and those that advance the plot


While reading a narrative text, students should complete a plot diagram. After reading is complete students should isolate the major conflict and determine all ways that it affects the plot, defining its affect on characters and setting. Next students should reverse their thinking and define how characters and setting affect the conflict. Finally students should determine if or how the conflict advances the plot.


After students have read a narrative text, the teacher should identify the main conflict in the text. Next teacher and students should identify all major or minor characters involved in the conflict. Each character should be analyzed to determine whether he/she helped to create the conflict, was affected by the conflict, or helped to create and was affected by the conflict. Students should state specifically how these characters created conflict, were affected by conflict, or had roles in both. By analyzing the roles of characters in the conflict, students should determine whether the narrative's conflict was forged from character action or character traits or elements.


Character's Name How Character Created Conflict How Character Was Affected by Conflict
Major Character    
Minor Character    

Conflict was created by


Resources for Objective 3.A.3.g:
LESSON SEEDS | Public Release Items | Advanced/G-T |