School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 7

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

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Standard 1.0 General Reading Processes

Topic D. Vocabulary

Indicator 3. Understand, acquire, and use new vocabulary

Objective a. Use context to determine the meanings of words

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

The forest fire ravaged the mountainside, leaving nothing behind but burned trees and blackened rock.

What does ravaged mean?

  1. climbed
  2. covered
  3. destroyed
  4. occupied
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_7_042.xml

Correct Answer:
C

Selected Response Item

Read the sentence in the box. Then choose the answer in which the underlined word is used in the same way. Mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

As soon as I saw the painting in the museum, I knew it had been done by a master artist.

In which sentence does the word master mean the same as in the sentence above?

  1. Although he practiced, Don struggled to master the violin.
  2. A master switch controls all the electricity in the building.
  3. Mr. Johnson hired a master carpenter to work in his house.
  4. Bea's swimming coach helped her master her fear of water.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_7_037.xml

Correct Answer:
C

Selected Response Item

Read the sentence in the box. Then choose the answer in which the underlined word is used in the same way. Mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

Matt knew it would shake his mother's belief in his honesty if he lied about the broken window.

In which sentence does the word shake mean the same as in the sentence above?

  1. I was worried that my voice would shake when I stood up to give my campaign speech.
  2. Another loss could shake the team's confidence in their ability to win the championship.
  3. Yvette watched her father shake his head in approval as she made her bow at the concert.
  4. The directions on the can of whipped topping said to shake it well before breaking the seal.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_7_038.xml

Correct Answer:
B

Selected Response Item

Read the sentence in the box. Then choose the answer in which the underlined word is used in the same way. Mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

Until the funding committee raises more money, the new library will be leaning on the city for support.

In which sentence does the word leaning mean the same as in the sentence above?

  1. The ladder was leaning against the storage shed right where I had left it.
  2. Anthony told me he is leaning toward voting for Sara as class president.
  3. My brother is leaning on his counselor for advice on college scholarships.
  4. The old barn was leaning, so it was in danger of collapsing to the ground.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_7_039.xml

Correct Answer:
C

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

There was some discord when the students began work on their project; however, once they worked out their differences, the rest of the assignment went smoothly.

Discord means —

  1. anxiety
  2. carelessness
  3. conflict
  4. noise
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_7_040.xml

Correct Answer:
C

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

When she was sure her mother was not looking, Becky slipped into the kitchen and pilfered a freshly baked cookie.

What does pilfered mean?

  1. took without permission
  2. followed a family recipe
  3. asked for a parent's help
  4. gave something to someone
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_7_041.xml

Correct Answer:
A

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

The cold rain did not stop, so the crowd in the football stadium dwindled as people headed for the warmth of their cars.

What does dwindled mean?

  1. stood around
  2. waited calmly
  3. cheered loudly
  4. became smaller
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_7_043.xml

Correct Answer:
D

Resources for Objective 1.D.3.a:
Lesson Seeds | Sample Assessments | PUBLIC RELEASE ITEMS |