School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Reading/ELA, Grade 8

Reading/ELA | Informational | Literary | Writing | Language | Listening | Speaking

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Standard 1.0 General Reading Processes

Topic D. Vocabulary

Indicator 3. Understand, acquire, and use new vocabulary

Objective a. Use context to determine the meanings of words

Selected Response Item

Read the sentence in the box. Then choose the answer in which the underlined word is used in the same way. Mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

Before you choose to do business with a bank, you should make sure it has a sound reputation.

In which sentence does the word sound mean the same as in the sentence above?

  1. Although the house is old, it has a sound foundation and an excellent roof.
  2. We should sound out our teacher before we decide on a topic for our report.
  3. I was startled out of a sound sleep by bright lightning and a crash of thunder.
  4. The emergency crews will sound the alarm if the floodwaters rise any higher.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_8_045.xml

Correct Answer:
A

Selected Response Item

Read the sentence in the box. Then choose the answer in which the underlined word is used in the same way. Mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

Susan lodged with her grandparents during her first year of college.

In which sentence does the word lodged mean the same as in the sentence above?

  1. A splinter lodged in Ann's foot when she stepped on an old board.
  2. Our family lodged at a fishing camp during our trip to the seacoast.
  3. Mr. Ames lodged a complaint with the city about the overgrown lot.
  4. The archer aimed carefully and lodged an arrow in the distant target.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_8_046.xml

Correct Answer:
B

Selected Response Item

Read the sentence in the box. Then choose the answer in which the underlined word is used in the same way. Mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

I tried pulling up the dandelion, but its roots held it fast in the soil.

In which sentence does the word fast mean the same as in the sentence above?

  1. Terry fell fast asleep as soon as his head hit the pillow.
  2. The front tires of my new car were stuck fast in the mud.
  3. I arrived early for the concert because my watch was fast.
  4. The two children were neighbors and became fast friends.
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_8_047.xml

Correct Answer:
B

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

I carefully scrutinized my report one more time before I turned it in just to make sure that it was free of any errors.

What does scrutinized mean?

  1. inspected
  2. outlined
  3. printed
  4. rewrote
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_8_048.xml

Correct Answer:
A

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

Even though the water in the creek was cold, the children found it tolerable for swimming.

Tolerable means —

  1. bearable
  2. livable
  3. reliable
  4. valuable
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_8_049.xml

Correct Answer:
A

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

Although it was true that my baby sister ruined my social studies project, my teacher was skeptical of my explanation until I showed her the smeared poster.

Skeptical means the teacher is —

  1. doubtful
  2. interested
  3. irritated
  4. uneasy
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_8_050.xml

Correct Answer:
A

Selected Response Item

As you read each sentence, use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out what the underlined word means. Then mark the space for the answer you have chosen.

Zoe's friends climbed into the roller coaster, but she watched the ride from the ground since nothing they said could induce her to join them.

What does induce mean?

  1. appoint
  2. confront
  3. persuade
  4. remind
/toolkit/vsc/assessment_items/msa_ela_8_051.xml

Correct Answer:
C

Resources for Objective 1.D.3.a:
Lesson Seeds | Sample Assessments | PUBLIC RELEASE ITEMS |